|SIDESADDLE (ENGLISH STYLE)
There are also western-style
Types of Western saddles include saddles
for roping, reining, barrel racing,
endurance, pleasure riding and show.
English saddles include saddles for
general riding, jumping, endurance riding,
dressage and riding gaited horses.
Western saddles are based on the saddles
ridden by the Spanish Conquistadors.
These saddles are usually heavily built
and can be very decorative.
"English" saddles are based on the
hunting saddles that developed in
England. They are very light-weight and
simple in design.
There are many, many types of saddles in the world. Some horse breeds even have their own types of
saddle that are used during costume classes. "Western" and "English" saddles are only two categories of
AUSTRALIAN saddles are modified
Saddle terms differ between types of
saddles, but here are a few basic words:
Cantle- The back of the saddle.
Girth- The band of leather that goes under the
horse to hold the saddle in place.
Horn- The project in the front of a western saddle
Pommel- The front of a saddle
Seat- The part of the saddle in which the rider sits.
Stirrup- The metal or leather and metal holder in
which the rider places her feet.
Tree- The wooden or fiberglass frame on which a
saddle is built.
Bridle- The bands of leather (or other material) that
go around a horse's head to enable the rider to
control the horse. A bridle may or may not have a
Bit- The metal bar that fits into the horse's mouth
and relays signals from the rider's hands.
Halter- Similar to a bridle, but used to control a
horse while the rider is on the ground.
Halters do not have bits, and can be made of leather
or synthetic material.
Reins- Long leather or nylon lines that go from the
bit to the rider's hands.
Near Side- The left side of a horse.
Off Side- The right side of a horse.